learning architecture


a PhD in live projects and architectural education


This bibliography includes everything I’ve entered into my RefWorks account, so while not a particularly well edited list of texts relevant to the field, it’s a more or less complete record of what I’ve been reading or intending to read. Updated 2.4.2012.

ABDULLAH, F., 2006. An evaluation of problem based learning in architectural education. PhD edn. University of Strathclyde.

ABRAMSON, D.B., 2005. The Studio Abroad as a Mode of Transcultural Engagement in Urban Planning Education: A Reflection on Ten Years of Sino-Canadian Collaboration. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 25(1), pp. 89-102.

AHEARN, A., 2005. Constructionarium: Building to Learn. CEBE Transactions, 2(1), pp. 6-16.

AHRENTZEN, S. and ANTHONY, K.H., 1993. Sex, Stars, and Studios: A Look at Gendered Educational Practices in Architecture. Journal of Architectural Education (1984-), 47(1), pp. 11-29.

AIAS, ed, 2008. AIAS Issue Brief on Architectural Education. Washington DC: AIAS.

ALBRECHT, J., 1988. Towards a Theory of Participation in Architecture: An Examination of Humanistic Planning Theories. Journal of Architectural Education (1984-), 42(1), pp. 24-31.

ALLEY, S. and SMITH, M., 27 January, 2004-last update, Timeline: tuition fees [Homepage of The Guardian], [Online]. Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2004/jan/27/tuitionfees.students [1 June, 2011].

ALLWINKLE, S., 2008. Architectural Technology 50 years on: Oxford to Oxford, SAAT to CIAT. In: S. ROAF and A. BAIRSTOW, eds, The Oxford Conference : a re-evaluation of education in architecture. 2 edn. Southampton: WIT Press, pp. 267-272.

ALTBACH, P.G., 2002. Knowledge and Education as International Commodities : The Collapse of the Common Good. http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/soe/cihe/newsletter/News28/text001.htm edn. Boston: Boston College.

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTURE STUDENTS (AIAS), 2002. The Redesign of Studio Culture – a report of the AIAS Studio Culture Task Force. Washington DC: AIAS.

AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, June 2001, 2001-last update, Code of Medical Ethics [Homepage of AMA], [Online]. Available: http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/physician-resources/medical-ethics/code-medical-ethics.shtml [8/9, 2010].

ANON, 1973. Bristol sets a new pattern for further education. Architects Journal, (25 April), pp. 964-965.

ANON, 1962. Birmingham School of Architecture. The Builder, (15 June), pp. 1238-1241.

ANON, 1961. Joint education in building. Architect & Building News, (3 May), pp. 573-574.

ANON, 1951. Houses at Rednal designed by students (third year) of the Birmingham School of Architecture. The Builder, (14 December), pp. 830.

ARCHITECTS’ REGISTRATION BOARD, , The Architects Act 1997: Q&A. Available: http://www.arb.org.uk/about/the-architects-act-1997-qanda.shtml [4/8/2009, 2009].

ARCHITECTURE FOUNDATION, 2000. Creative spaces: a toolkit for participatory urban design/architecture. London: Architecture Foundation.

ARNSTEIN, S.R., 1969. A Ladder of Citizen Participation. Journal of the American Institute of Planners, (June), pp. 216-224.

ARONOWITZ, S. and GIROUX, H.A., 1991. Postmodern Education. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.

ARONOWITZ, S. and GIROUX, H.A., 1986. Education under siege: the conservative, liberal and radical debate over schooling. New York: Routledge.

ASCHER-BARNSTONE, D., 2002. Building Designs for Living: Studio 804 University of Kansas. Journal of Architectural Education, 55(3), pp. 186-193.

ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGIATE SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE, 2009. Guide to Architecture Schools. 8th edn. Washington DC: ACSA.

AU, W., 2007. Epistemology of the Oppressed: The Dialectics of Paulo Freire’s Theory of Knowledge. Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 5(2),.

AUSBURG, T., 2006. Becoming Interdisciplinary: An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Studies. 2 edn. New York: Kendall/Hunt Publishing.

AWAN, N., SCHNEIDER, T. and TILL, J., 2011. Spatial Agency: Other Ways of Doing Architecture. Abingdon: Routledge.

BAKARMAN, A., 2001. Designing Tool, AEE2001, 2001 2001.

BARNETT, R., 2000. Supercomplexity and the Curriculum. Studies in Higher Education, 25(3), pp. 255-265.

BARR, J., OGDEN, K., RADFORD, J. and ROONEY, K., 2009. Sustainable involvement of real patients in medical education: thanks to volunteerism and relationship management. Medical education, 43(6), pp. 599-600.

BAXAMUSA, M.H., Spring 2008. Empowering Communities through Deliberation The Model of Community Benefits Agreements. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 27(3), pp. 261-276.

BEAMONT, O., 2008. A Student’s Perspective: The Theory and Practice of Live Projects. M Architecture edn. Sheffield: University of Sheffield.

BEARD, C. and WILSON, J.P., 2006. Experiential Learning : A Best Practice Handbook for Educators and Trainers. 2nd edn. London: Kogan Page.

BECKLEY, R.M., 1984. The studio is where a professional architect learns to make judgments. Architectural Record, 172(10), pp. 103-105.

BELL, B., ed, 2004. Good deeds, good design : community service through architecture. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

BELL, B.E.A., ed, 2004. Studio at Large: Architecture in Service of Global Communities (Sustainable Design Solutions from the Pacific Northwest). 1 edn. University of Washington Press.

BELL, B. and WAKEFORD, K., eds, 2008. Expanding Architecture – Design As Activism. New York: Metropolis Books.

BELL, K., BOSHUIZEN, H.P.A., SCHERPBIER, A. and DORNAN, T., 2009. When only the real thing will do: junior medical students’ learning from real patients. Medical education, 43(11), pp. 1036-1043.

BELL, A.C. and RUSSELL, C.L., 2000. Beyond Human, beyond Words: Anthropocentrism, Critical Pedagogy, and the Poststructuralist Turn. Canadian Journal of Education / Revue canadienne de l’éducation,25(3), pp. pp. 188-203.

BERGER, P. and LUCKMANN, T., 1971. The Social Construction of Reality. London: Penguin.

BEST, S. and KELLNER, D., 1997. The Postmodern Turn. New York: The Guilford Press.

BEST, S. and KELLNER, D., 1991. Postmodern Theory : Critical Interrogations. New York: Guilford Press.

BLANDEN, J. and MACHIN, S., 2004. Educational inequality and the expansion of UK Higher Education. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 51(2), pp. 230-249.

BLOGSTER, N., 2007. A little bit of change. Mark, (8), pp. 68-79.

BLUMENFELD‐JONES, D., Fidelity as a criterion for practicing and evaluating narrative inquiry. Routledge.

BLUNDELL JONES, P., PETRESCU, D. and TILL, J., eds, 2005. Architecture and participation. London: Spon.

BOK, D.C., 1983. A Flawed System of Law Practice and Training. Journal of Legal Education, 33, pp. 570-585.

BONNEN, J.T., 1998. The Land-Grant Idea and the Evolving Outreach University. In: R.M. LERNER and L.A.K. SIMON, eds, University-Community Collaborations for the Twenty-First Century. New York: Garland, pp. 25-72.

BORDEN, IAIN AND RENDALL, JANE, ed, 2000. Intersections: Architectural Histories and Critical Theories. London: Routledge.

BOUDON, P., 1972. Lived-in Architecture. London: Lund Humphries.

BOURDIEU, P., 1984. Distinction: a social critique of the judgement of taste. Harvard University Press.

BOURDIEU, P., 1985. The social space and the genesis of groups. Theory and Society, 14(6), pp. 723-744.

BOYER, E.L., 1996. The Scholarship of Engagement. Journal of Public Service and Outreach, 1(1), pp. 11-20.

BOYER, E.L. and HECHINGER, F.M., 1981. Higher Learning in the Nation’s Service. A Carnegie Foundation Essay. Washington DC: Carnegie Foundation.

BOYER, E.L. and MITGANG, L.D., 1996. Building Community : A New Future for Architecture Education and Practice. Washington DC: Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.

BRABECK, M.E.A., 1998. Changing the Culture of the University to Engage in Outreach Scholarship. In: R.M. LERNER and L.A.K. SIMON, eds, University-Community Collaborations for the Twenty-First Century.New York: Garland, pp. 335-364.

BRAIN, D., 1991. Practical Knowledge and Occupational Control: The Professionalization of Architecture in the United States. Sociological Forum, 6(2), pp. 239-268.

BRAIN, D., 1989. Discipline & Style: The Ecole des Beaux-Arts and the Social Production of an American Architecture. Theory and Society, 18(6), pp. 807-868.

BRAND, R. and RINCÓN, H., 2007. Tackling Six Common Dilemmas in ‘Live’ Planning Projects. Journal for Education in the Built Environment, 2(2), pp. 36-60.

BROWN, D.S., 2009. Having Words. London: Architectural Association.

BROWN, D.S., 2009. Sexism and the Star System in Architecture. Having Words. London: Architectural Association, pp. 79-89.


BUCHANAN, J., 2001. Use of simulation technology in dental education. Journal of dental education, 65(11), pp. 1225-1231.

BUDDEN, L.B., 1925. Review of the Congress, International Congress on Architectural Education, 28 July to 2 August 1924 1925, Royal Institute of British Architects, pp. xi-xvi.

BURNS, C., 1998. Review: Re: Views of Findings on Architecture’s Way Forward. Journal of Architectural Education (1984-), 51(3), pp. pp. 153-157.

CABE, 2004. Architecture and race : Black and minority ethnic students in the profession. London: CABE.


CAROLIN, P.E.A., 2000. Leslie Martin : 1908 – 2000. Architectural Research Quarterly, 4(4), pp. 295-308.

CAROLIN, P., 1997. Research assessed. arq: Architectural Research Quarterly, 2(03), pp. 6-11.

CARPENTER, W., 2004. Design and construction in architectural education : 1963-2003. PhD edn. Birmingham: University of Central England in Birmingham.

CARPENTER, W., 1997. Learning by Building : design and construction in architectural education. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

CARRIER, J., 1991. Gifts, Commodities, and Social Relations: A Maussian View of Exchange. Sociological Forum, 6(1), pp. 119-136.

CARTER, J., 1959. Self build at the Birmingham School. Architects Journal, (15 October), pp. 353-355.

CASTRO, F.G., KELLISON, J.G., BOYD, S.J. and KOPAK, A., 2010. A Methodology for Conducting Integrative Mixed Methods Research and Data Analyses. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 4(4), pp. 342-360.

CHANDLER, A., 2004. “Building is a verb” : Workshop as a research forum, CEBE Studio Culture, 2004 2004, CEBE.

CHAPMAN, B., 1997. Conceptual Issues and the Australian Experience with Income Contingent Charges for Higher Education. The Economic Journal, 107(442), pp. pp. 738-751.

CHARLEY, J., 2010. The shadow of economic history: the architecture of boom, slump and crisis. arq: Architectural Research Quarterly, 14(04), pp. 363.

CHARLEY, J., 2010. The shadow of economic history: the architecture of boom, slump and crisis. arq: Architectural Research Quarterly, 14(04), pp. 363.

CHARMAZ, K., 2006. Constructing Grounded Theory. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

CHARMAZ, K., 2005. Grounded Theory in the 21st Century. In: N.K. DENZIN and Y.S. LINCOLN, eds, The SAGE handbook of qualitative research. 3rd edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, pp. 507-535.

CHARMAZ, K., 2000. Grounded Theory : Objectivist and Constructivist Methods. In: N.K. DENZIN and Y.S. LINCOLN, eds, Handbook of Qualitative Research. pp. 509-535.

CHASE, J.D., OAKES, E. and RAMSEY, S., 2007. Using live projects without pain: the development of the small project support center at Radford University, SIGCSE ’07: Proceedings of the 38th SIGCSE technical symposium on Computer science education 2007, ACM, pp. 469-473.

CHILES, P., 2004. Practice and the academy Critical clarifications. arq: Architectural Research Quarterly, 8(3-4), pp. 197-203.

CHILES, P. and HOLDER, A., 2008. The Live Project. In: S. ROAF and A. BAIRSTOW, eds, The Oxford Conference : a re-evaluation of education in architecture. 2 edn. Southampton: WIT Press, .

CHILES, P. and TILL, J., ????. Live Projects : An inspirational model, the student perspective. York: Centre for Education in the Built Environment.

CHIONG, W., 2007. Justifying Patient Risks Associated With Medical Education. Journal of the American Medical Association, 298(9), pp. 1046-1048.

CLARKE, A., 2005. Situational Analysis : Grounded Theory After the Postmodern Turn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

CLEWS, D., 2001. Technologia, techne and the teaching of design, AEE2001, 2001 2001.

COBEN, D., 1998. Radical Heroes : Gramsci, Freire and the politics of adult education. New York: Garland.

COHEN, L., MANION, L. and MORRISON, K., 2007. Research Methods in Education. Sixth edn. London: Routledge.

COHEN, L., MANION, L. and MORRISON, K., 2000. Research Methods in Education. Fifth edn. London: Routledge.

COLQUHOUN, D., 2003. Challenging the tyranny of impact factors. Nature, 423, pp. 479.

COMERIO, M.C., 1987. Design and Empowerment : 20 Years of Community Architecture. Built Environment, 13(1), pp. 15-28.

COMERIO, M.C., 1984. Community Design : Idealism and Entrepreneurship. Journal of Architecture and Planning Research, (1), pp. 227-243.

COMMONS SELECT COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 2011. Eighth Report – Peer review in scientific publications. London: HM Government.

COMPETITION COMMISSION, 1977. Architects’ Services: A Report on the Supply of Architects’ Services with Reference to Scale Fees. London: Competition Commission.

CORSER, R. and GORE, N., 2009. Insurgent Architecture: An Alternative Approach to Design-Build. Journal of Architectural Education, 62(4), pp. 32-39.

COUZIN, J., , Rent Strikes : Radical Glasgow : Glasgow Caledonian University. Available: http://www.gcal.ac.uk/radicalglasgow/chapters/rent_strikes.html#Glasgow [10/25/2009, 2009].

COYNE, R. and SNODGRASS, A., 1991. Is designing mysterious? Challenging the dual knowledge thesis. Design Studies, 12(3), pp. 124-131.

CRAMER, J.P. and SIMPSON, S., 2006. The Next Architect: A New Twist on the Future of Design. Ostberg.

CRESSWELL, J.W., 2003. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approach. 2nd edn. Thousands Oaks: Sage.

CRESSWELL, J., 1994. Research design : qualitative and quantitative approaches. London: Sage.

CRINSON, M. and LUBBOCK, J., 1994. Architecture – art or profession. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

CROSS, N., 1990. The nature and nurture of design ability. Design Studies, 11(3), pp. 127-140.

CRYSLER, C.G., 1995. Critical Pedagogy and Architectural Education. Journal of Architectural Education (1984-), 48(4), pp. pp. 208-217.

CUFF, D., 1991. Architecture : the story of practice. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

CUNNINGHAM, A., 2005. Notes on education and research around architecture. The Journal of Architecture, 10(4), pp. 415.

CUNNINGHAM, A., 1980. Educating around architecture. Studies in Higher Education, 5(2), pp. 131.

CUNNINGHAM, A., 1979. The genesis of architectural education. Studies in Higher Education, 4(2), pp. 131.

DAMMERS, J., SPENCER, J. and THOMAS, M., 2001. Using real patients in problem-based learning: students’ comments on the value of using real, as opposed to paper cases, in a problem-based learning module in general practice. Medical education, 35(1), pp. 27-34.

DARDER, A., BALTODANO, M.P. and TORRES, R.D., eds, 2009. The Critical Pedagogy Reader. Second edition edn. Abingdon: Routledge.

DAVIDOFF, P., 1965. ADVOCACY AND PLURALISM IN PLANNING. Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 31(4), pp. 331-338.

DAVIS, C.J., 1960. Live Projects at the School of Architecture Birmingham. Architects Journal, (6 October), pp. 516-518.

DAWKINS, J., AUSTRALIA. DEPT. OF EMPLOYMENT, E., and TRAINING, 1987. Higher education: a policy discussion paper. Dept. of Employment, Education and Training.

DE CARLO, G., 2005. Architecture’s Public. In: P. BLUNDELL JONES, D. PETRESCU and J. TILL, eds, Architecture and Participation. First edn. London: Spon, pp. 3-22.

DE CARLO, G., 1980. An Architecture of Participation. Perspecta, 17, pp. pp. 74-79.

DE GRAFT-JOHNSON, A., MANLEY, S. and GREED, C., 2003. Why do women leave architecture? London: Royal Institute of British Architects.

DEAN, A.O., 2005. Proceed and be bold : Rural Studio after Samuel Mockbee. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

DEAN, A.O., 2002. Rural Studio : Samuel Mockbee and an architecture of decency. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

DEARING, R., 23 July, 1997-last update, Report of the National Committee of Inquiry into Higher Education [Homepage of Secretaries of State for Education and Employment, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland], [Online]. Available: http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/ncihe/ [1 June, 2011].

DENZIN, N.K. and LINCOLN, Y.S., eds, 2000. Handbook of Qualitative Research. 2nd edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND SKILLS, 2011. National Strategy for Higher Education to 2030. Dublin: Higher Education Authority.

DEWAR, M.E. and ISAAC, C.B., Summer 1998. Learning from Difference: The Potentially Transforming Experience of Community-University Collaboration. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 17(4), pp. 334-347.

DEWEY, J., 1963. Experience & Education. New York: Collier Books.

DEWEY, J., 1896. The reflex arc concept in psychology. Psychological review, 3(4), pp. 357-370.

DICKINSON, M., 2000. Giving undergraduates managerial experience. Education + Training, 42(3), pp. 159-170.

DOBSON, A., 28 January, 2000-last update, The Cubie Report explained [Homepage of The Guardian], [Online]. Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2000/jan/28/tuitionfees.highereducation [1 June, 2011].

DODDS, G., 2009. Editorial: Alterity | Alternative. Journal of Architectural Education, 62(4), pp. 3-3.

DOIDGE, C.E.A., ed, 2000. The Crit: An Architecture Student’s Handbook. Oxford: Architectural Press.

DORNAN, T. and BUNDY, C., 2004. What can experience add to early medical education? Consensus survey. BMJ, 329, pp. 834-839.

DORRELL, E., 7/29, 2003-last update, Closed doors [Homepage of The Guardian], [Online]. Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2003/jul/29/highereducation.cutsandclosures?INTCMP=SRCH[11/16, 2011].

DUGGAN, F., 2004. The Changing Nature of the Studio as an Educational Setting. CEBE Transactions, 1(2), pp. 70-76.

DUTTON, T.A., 1991. Architectural Education, Postmodernism, and Critical Pedagogy. In: T.A. DUTTON, ed, Voices in architectural education : cultural politics and pedagogy. London: Bergin & Garvey, pp. xv-xxix.

DUTTON, T.A., ed, 1991. Voices in architectural education : cultural politics and pedagogy. London: Bergin & Garvey.

DUTTON, T.A., 1991. Cultural Politics and Education. Journal of Architectural Education (1984-), 44(2), pp. pp. 67-68.

DUTTON, T.A., 1987. Design and Studio Pedagogy. Journal of Architectural Education (1984-), 41(1), pp. 16-25.

EDWARDS, E., 2008. Third-level fees: a timeline of the third-level fees debate. The Irish Times, .

EGAN, J., April, 2004-last update, The Egan Review: Skills for Sustainable Communities [Homepage of Office of the Deputy Prime Minister], [Online]. Available:http://www.communities.gov.uk/documents/communities/pdf/152086.pdf [9/19, 2011].

ELLIS, R. and CUFF, D., eds, 1989. Architects’ People. 1 edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

ELLSWORTH, E., 1989. Why Doesn’t This Feel Empowering? Working through the Repressive Myths of Critical Pedagogy. Harvard Educational Review, 59(3), pp. 297-297.

EPSTEIN, R.M. and HUNDERT, E.M., 2002. Defining and Assessing Professional Competence. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 287(2), pp. 226-235.

ERDMAN, J. and WEDDLE, R., 2002. Designing/Building/Learning. Journal of Architectural Education, 55(3), pp. 174-179.

ERDMAN, J., 2006. Studio South. Journal of Architectural Education, 59(4), pp. 19-25.

ESTRADA, K. and MCLAREN, P., 1993. A Dialogue on Multiculturalism and Democratic Culture. Educational Researcher, 22(3), pp. pp. 27-33.

ESTRADA, K. and MCLAREN, P., 1993. A Dialogue on Multiculturalism and Democratic Culture. Educational Researcher, 22(3), pp. pp. 27-33.

EWING, S.C., 2008. Coming and going : itinerant education and educational capital. In: S. ROAF and A. BAIRSTOW, eds, The Oxford Conference : A Re-Evaluation of Education in Architecture. Southampton: WIT Press, pp. 119-123.

EWING, K.P., 1998. Crossing Borders and Transgressing Boundaries: Metaphors for Negotiating Multiple Identities. Ethos, 26(2), pp. 262-267.

FEARN, H., 8/21, 2008-last update, Grand designs but shaky foundations [Homepage of Times Higher Education], [Online]. Available: http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?sectioncode=26&storycode=403224 [11/16, 2011].

FISHER, T., 2008. Architectural design and ethics. 1 edn. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.

FISHER, T.R., 2000. In the scheme of things: alternative thinking on the practice of architecture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.

FLOWERS, M., MOORE, J. and RYKER, L., 2009. Introduction. Journal of Architectural Education, 62(4), pp. 4-5.

FLUID, 2005. Your place, or mine..? A study on participatory design, youth, public space and ownership. In: P. BLUNDELL JONES, D. PETRESCU and J. TILL, eds, Architecture & Participation. London: Spon, pp. 247-273.

FLYNN, S., 2011. Report urges student fees system. Irish Times, .

FLYNN, S., 2004. Department looking at university fees from fourth year. Irish Times, .

FLYNN, S., 2004. Student loan scheme ‘inevitable’. Irish Times, .

FLYNN, S., 2003. Dempsey plans radical reform of higher-level grants system. Irish Times, .

FLYNN, S. and MCGUIRE, P., 2010. Less than 15% in some Dublin areas going to college. Irish Times, .

FORNEY, J., 2005. Learning in Newbern: Rural Studio in Year Ten. Architectural Design, 75(4), pp. 92-95.

FORSTER, W.P., COOMBS, S. and THOMAS, R., 2008. The architect and the academy: research through design at the Welsh School of Architecture. In: S. ROAF and A. BAIRSTOW, eds, The Oxford Conference : a re-evaluation of education in architecture. 2 edn. Southampton: WIT Press, .

FORSYTH, A., LU, H. and MCGIRR, P., 2000. Service Learning in an Urban Context: Implications for Planning and Design Education. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 17(3), pp. 236-259.

FORSYTH, A., 2008. Great Programs in Architecture: Rankings, Performance Assessments, and Diverse Paths to Prominence. Archnet-IJAR, 2(2), pp. 11-22.

FORSYTH, A., LU, H. and MCGIRR, P., 1999. Inside the Service Learning Studio in Urban Design. Landscape Journal, 18(2), pp. 166.

FOWLES, B., 1984. Design-build projects in architectural education. Design Studies, 5(1), pp. 7-14.

FOWLES, R.A., 1990. Teaching architecture: a complete action. Design Studies, 11(2), pp. 81-88.

FRAMPTON, K., 2007. Modern architecture : a critical history. 4th edn. London: Thames & Hudson.

FRANK, A.I., 2007. Entrepreneurship and enterprise skills: A missing element of planning education? Planning Practice and Research, 22(4), pp. 635.

FRASER, M., 2005. The cultural context of critical architecture. The Journal of Architecture, 10(3), pp. 317-322.

FREDERICKSON, M.P., 1993. Gender and Racial Bias in Design Juries. Journal of Architectural Education (1984-), 47(1), pp. 38-48.

FREIRE, P., 2008. Education for Critical Consciousness. London: Continuum.

FREIRE, P., 2004. Pedagogy of Hope: Reliving Pedagogy of the Oppressed. London: Continuum.

FREIRE, P., 2003. Pedagogy of the City. New York: Continuum.

FREIRE, P., 1998. Pedagogy of Freedom: Ethics, Democracy and Civic Courage. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield.

FREIRE, P., 1996. Pedagogy of the oppressed. New revised 20th anniversary edition edn. London: Hammondsworth Penguin.

FREIRE, P., 1978. Pedagogy in process: the letters to Guinea-Bissau. New York: Seabury Press.

FRIEDAN, B., 2010. The Feminine Mystique. Revised edn. London: Penguin.

GARDNER, R., 1974. The development of architectural education in the UK. Architects Journal, (9 October), pp. 873-881.

GARROTT, J.G., 1983. Facilitating experiential learning in environmental design. Design Studies, 4(2), pp. 115-123.

GELBIER, S., 2005. 125 years of developments in dentistry, 1880-2005 Part 2: Law and the dental profession. British Dental Journal, 199(7), pp. 470-473.

GENERAL MEDICAL COUNCIL, 2009. Tomorrow’s doctors. London: GMC.

GENERAL MEDICAL COUNCIL, 2003. Tomorrow’s doctors. London: GMC.

GIBBS-KENNETT, P., 1997. Architecture’s research dimension. Times Higher Education, (12 September),.

GIROUX, H., 1991. Cultural Politics and Architectural Education : Refiguring the Boundaries of Political and Pedagogical Practice. In: T.A. DUTTON, ed, Voices in architectural education : cultural politics and pedagogy. London: Bergin & Garvey, pp. ix-xii.

GIROUX, H., 1981. Ideology, Culture & the Process of Schooling. London: Falmer Press.

GIROUX, H.A., 2010. Paulo Freire and the Crisis of the Political. Power and Education, 2(3), pp. 335-340.

GIROUX, H.A., 2006. The Giroux Reader. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.

GIROUX, H.A., 1993. Paulo Freire and the Politics of Postcolonialism. In: P. MCLAREN and P. LEONARD, eds, Paulo Freire: A Critical Encounter. London: Routledge, pp. 177-188.

GIROUX, H.A., 2010. Lessons From Paulo Freire. The Chronicle of Higher Education, .

GIROUX, H.A., 1992. Border Crossings – Cultural Workers and the Politics of Education. 1st edn. London: Routledge.

GIROUX, H.A., 1991. Border Pedagogy and the Politics of Modernism/Postmodernism. Journal of Architectural Education (1984-), 44(2), pp. pp. 69-79.

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